Bootleg Ground Outlets – Common Inspection Defects

Electrical outlets are the unsung heroes of our homes, providing power to our devices and appliances. However, there's an underlying concern that plagues many households: bootleg ground outlets. Often unnoticed, these outlets pose a significant safety hazard, potentially risking electrical fires and harm to appliances and individuals. Understanding what bootleg ground outlets are, how to identify them, and steps to rectify the issue is crucial for maintaining a safe home environment.

Understanding Bootleg Ground Outlets:


Bootleg Ground on Outlet

In this picture, the bare copper wire connected from the green ground screw is improperly attached to the neutral wiring. This is a bootleg ground.

A bootleg ground outlet refers to an improperly grounded electrical outlet. Typically, an outlet should have three prongs—two vertical slots for the live and neutral wires and a semi-circular hole for the ground wire. In bootleg ground outlets, an artificial connection is made between the neutral and ground wires, mimicking a proper grounding connection. However, this connection is unsafe and can lead to potential hazards.

Identifying Bootleg Ground Outlets:

Identifying bootleg ground outlets requires careful inspection and sometimes the assistance of a professional electrician. Here are some indicators to help identify them:

Electrical Outlet Tester

This type of tester WILL NOT detect a bootleg ground.

1. Missing Ground Prong: Some outlets may lack the third, round-shaped hole for the ground prong, indicating a potential lack of grounding.
2. Outlet Tester Readings: Using certain outlet testers may provide readings that a bootleg ground is present.  These testers, however, are not the typical style a homeowner would own, and are not readily accessible in a home improvement store.
3. Visual Inspection: Examine outlets for any signs of tampering, unusual wiring, or improper connections.

The Hazards of Bootleg Ground Outlets:

Bootleg ground outlets present several dangers, including:
1. Increased risk of electrical shocks.
2. Potential damage to sensitive electronic devices due to improper grounding.
3. Higher risk of electrical fires, as the intended safety mechanism of grounding is compromised.

Resolving Bootleg Ground Outlet Issues:

Fixing bootleg ground outlets should be handled with caution and preferably by a licensed electrician. However, here are steps that can help rectify the issue:

1. Consult a Professional: Safety should be the priority when dealing with electrical issues. Consulting a qualified electrician ensures the problem is correctly identified and safely resolved.

2. Upgrade Outlets: Replace outdated or improperly wired outlets with GFCI (Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter) outlets. GFCIs offer protection against electrical faults and ground discrepancies.

3. Upgrading Wiring To Provide Proper Grounding Installation: An electrician can replace branch circuit wiring or install a dedicated ground wire where necessary. This ensures outlets are grounded safely and effectively.

Outlet labeling.

Example of outlet labeling for either "GFCI Protection" or "No Equipment Ground".

4. Properly Label Ungrounded Outlets:  If other methods are not an option, you can label 3-wire outlets at "ungrounded," once improper bootleg ground have been resolved.

Preventive Measures for Electrical Safety:

Beyond fixing bootleg ground outlets, here are additional preventive measures to enhance electrical safety at home:

1. Regular Inspections: Periodically check outlets for signs of damage, wear, or improper wiring.  Promptly replace damaged outlets, switches, and cover plates.
2. Install and Test GFCI Outlets: Install GFCI outlets in areas prone to moisture, such as kitchens, bathrooms, and outdoor spaces, to prevent electrical shocks.  These should be tested monthly. ( Testing AFCI and GFCI Breakers and Outlets – Homeowner 101 )

Overloaded Circuit

Yeah...... Don't Do this!

3. Avoid Overloading Circuits: Distribute electrical loads evenly across circuits to prevent overheating and potential fire hazards.

Bootleg ground outlets pose significant risks to both property and personal safety. Identifying these outlets, understanding their hazards, and promptly addressing the issue with the help of a qualified electrician is vital for maintaining a safe living environment. Prioritizing electrical safety through regular inspections, appropriate outlet installations, and preventive measures ensures a home that's both functional and secure from electrical hazards.

Remember, when dealing with electrical issues, it's crucial to prioritize safety and seek professional assistance when in doubt. By addressing bootleg ground outlets and implementing proper safety measures, homeowners can significantly reduce the risk of electrical accidents and create a safer living space for themselves and their families.


Please note that home inspectors are not required to disassemble outlets nor test for bootleg grounds.  At their own discretion, inspectors may use specialized equipment to detect, or inspect outlet wiring for the presence of bootleg grounds.

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